According to a study, carbon emissions from the richest 1 percent of the world’s population are more than double those from the world’s poorest 3.1 billion people. Despite the recent sharp decline in carbon emissions due to the corona virus epidemic, the earth has been warming up to a degree this century. The risk of natural disasters and displacement has increased in poor and developing countries. An analysis led by Oxfam found that between 1990 and 2015, annual carbon emissions increased by 60 percent, with one-third of the world’s total carbon budget in the pockets of rich nations. The carbon budget is the limit of greenhouse gas emissions generated by mankind before the catastrophic rise in temperature. Only 63 million people, or one percent, accounted for 9 percent of the total carbon budget since 1990. An analysis of the study by the Stockholm Environment Institute for Oxfam shows that carbon inequality continues to rise. The analysis shows that the one percent emission growth rate is three times higher than that of more than half of the world’s poorest people. “Extreme economic inequality is not only divisive in our society, it also slows down the rate of poverty reduction,” Tim Gore, head of policy, advocacy and research, told AFP. The world’s richest people spread.
The 2015 Paris Climate Agreement commits countries to keep global warming below 2 degrees Celsius below pre-industrial levels. But emissions have been rising steadily since then. Many analysts have warned that the reduction in pollution caused by COVID-19 cannot be sustained unless green development is given full priority. Even though the global temperature has risen by only 1 degree Celsius so far, strong storms have been seen in different parts of the world due to forest fire, drought and rising sea level. Gore said governments have no choice but to launch a special rehabilitation plan to address the two challenges of climate change and inequality in the Covid-19 crisis. “It is clear that the uneven pattern of economic growth over the last 20-30 years has not benefited the world’s poorest half of the population,” he said. Which is unfortunate. ‘ Commenting on Oxfam’s report, Hindo Omaru Ibrahim, an environmental engineer from Chad, said climate change alone could not be addressed without prioritizing economic equality. The world’s richest people spread.
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