In 1992, the International World Earth Conference was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Environmental protection was the main agenda of the conference. The participants in the conference had the idea that if the environmental plan is not made in time, the world will lose greenery. At this conference in Brazil three decades ago, many historic agreements on environmental protection were reached. Climate change was one of the major issues. This was followed by the Kyoto Protocol Agreement on Climate Change in France in 2015. This is called the Paris Agreement. According to the Paris Agreement, the rules on climate change must be strictly adhered to. According to the Paris Agreement, temperatures should be kept below 2 degrees Celsius to keep global climate change stable. If it is very hot, keep the temperature up to 1.5 degrees. According to the 2015 Paris Agreement, only the following eight countries in the world have complied with their environmental protection plans. Eight countries in the world leading.
1. UK: Environmental protection legislation at the outset
The United Kingdom and France are among the first countries in the world to enact laws to implement a greenhouse policy. The UK enacted the law in 2019. The UK aims to make the country green by 2050. The UK is the first G7 country to adopt such a policy. France also aims to complete its greenhouse gas production policy by 2050.
2. Sweden: 99% garbage reuse
The whole of Europe is in the area of low emissions. Emissions have dropped by 20 percent since 1990. The Swedish government formulated a policy in 2003, stating that only one percent of the country’s garbage is stored and the remaining 99 percent is recycled. Biogas is produced from recycling. Swedish citizens have taken it as a national responsibility to protect the environment.
3. Finland: No personal car
Finland has a good policy to reduce pollution. There are 2400 kilometers of bicycle lanes in cities including the capital Helsinki. Finland has implemented a rule that allows only personal cars until 2025. The government has said that public transport should be given priority over private cars. According to this policy, there will be one thousand local bus stations. Like taxis, buses will also provide pick-up and drop-off facilities. Eight countries in the world leading.
4. Denmark: 41 percent cyclists
Forty-one percent of Danes use bicycles for transportation. The Danish government has set a policy of allowing 50 percent of citizens to use bicycles by 2025. The number of cyclists in Denmark has increased since 2016. A green transport system is being developed in Denmark.
5. Norway: Electronic car choice
Norway has adopted a strategy since 2017 to reduce the use of petrol and diesel vehicles to protect the environment. And, it is urged to give priority to electric vehicles as much as possible. It is estimated that by 2019, 60 percent of the population in Norway will be using electric transport. Now the Norwegian government’s goal is to make electric cars available to all people by 2025.
6. Singapore: Greenery on the roof of every house
Asian country Singapore is one of the cleanest and cleanest cities in the world. The government enacted a law in 2008 to reduce air pollution and maintain greenery. Accordingly, large or small houses must have greenery. By 2030, 80 percent of Singapore’s homes will be green.
7. France: Double fine for polluting
France is not far behind in its campaign to raise the issue of climate change and control it. The government punishes those who pollute the environment and work against the rules. The government has doubled taxes on heavy vehicles or other means of transportation. A car that used to pay 14,000 a year now has to pay up to $ 22,240. Eight countries in the world leading.
8. Peru: A separate court
The South American nation of Peru set up a separate court in 2018 to look into environmental issues. Only those who work against the environment are considered in this court. The court has been hearing illegal mining, deforestation, environmental degradation and wildlife trade. Three thousand cases were filed in the first year of the establishment of the court.
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